New list using custom list template via CSOM and PowerShell
The current SPO CSOM api does not allow for creation of lists using valid custom list templates.
We can load the list templates and access them via PowerShell using CSOM, but cannot create new lists using them.
Creation of lists using the custom list templates via the SP UI works fine, but is very time consuming if trying to created automated deployment of lists and list content.
Otherwise, you have to brute force a new list, add the content type, make lists edits, and add content using separate scripts.
Ad van den Berg commented